Everyone has a different mindset when it comes to deciding on any criminal activity. While some being more hostile, want a strict action such as a death sentence, there are a few who believe that a person, even a criminal, can change for good provided the right guidance and help. However, the system does not work like that. Every specific crime has a different set of punishments. Howsoever, the topic becomes argumentative when people raise the question, punishment, or rehabilitation?
While let’s go tough on crime approach from the authorities is a great move, Rehabilitation is a better choice and makes more sense. Being young, every child studies about how we need to learn to forgive others, and that makes us the bigger person. Nonetheless, you cannot forgive a murderer or rapist, but people with low harm offenses must be given another chance.
While the US follows a more punishing system, at the same time the Scandinavian model emphasizes Rehabilitation. This debate is often taken as a debate between people who completely believe in punishment and the ones who completely want to cut it down to rehabilitation. It is NOT about a complete system. It’s about the right mix!
Rehabilitation makes more economic sense
This is all factual data that I present to you and it clearly states that Rehabilitation is a more cost-effective and humane way to minimalize the crime rate. A recent study across England and Wales provides illustrative stats using data on case disposals.
Punishing 1% more offenders can reduce the next year’s recorded crimes by 2693, whereas, rehabilitating 1% more offenders reduces the criminal records by 3590. The economic analysis reinforces the idea that punishment is the best solution for reducing the crime rate.
Operation Checkpoint by Durham Constabulary
Under this deferred prosecution scheme, criminals with a low-level offense, such as theft, are included in rehabilitation programs. And the first set of results from this program show a 15% decrease in reoffending rates in comparison to the cases who chose to be in the prison without any help.
Such programs indicate that non-custodial alternatives can also help reduce crime. I, for one, believe that criminals with a serious felony shall be punished. But the ones who involve themselves in theft and stealing shall be given another chance. While a whole lot better system could be rehabilitation in the prison cells itself. We never know why someone commits a crime, and under what circumstances. Therefore, it might be a good idea for the authorities to insert rehabilitation services.
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